L’élite chinoise a perdu 530 milliards de dollars en 2018

Les tensions commerciales avec les États-Unis se sont emparées de l’économie chinoise en 2018 et, alors que la croissance de la Chine était en perte de vitesse, les riches chinois perdaient près de 530 milliards de dollars, probablement en raison d’une chute du marché boursier du pays.

En ce qui concerne le nombre de personnes fortunées, environ 100 000 personnes sont tombées de l’élite mondiale entre 2017 et 2018, la région Asie-Pacifique étant la plus touchée. La richesse parmi les riches de la région Asie-Pacifique a chuté de 1 billion de dollars, passant de 21,6 à 20,6 milliards de dollars, selon le rapport sur la richesse mondiale publié en 2019 par Capgemini, une société de conseil française.

 Graphique de TheAtlas.com

En particulier, la partie supérieure de la Chine a perdu la partie. Entre 2010 et 2014, les personnes ayant un actif investissable supérieur à 10 millions de yuans (1,5 million de dollars) ont presque doublé passant à plus d’un million de personnes. Mais entre 2017 et 2018, près de 67 000 d’entre eux ont quitté les rangs des rangs les plus riches de Chine. La Chine a représenté environ 53% – ou 530 milliards de dollars – du déclin de la richesse de 1 billion de dollars de la région Asie-Pacifique, et il semble que le marché boursier du pays soit à blâmer.

Les marchés boursiers chinois ont chuté de 25% l’an dernier, comme le montre la Shanghai Shenzhen composite, et ils ont subi une baisse de 10% au quatrième trimestre seulement.

La baisse du nombre de personnes fortunées en Chine “est un effet d’entraînement de la chute du marché boursier chinois au cours de 2018 et dans une moindre mesure la dépréciation du yuan par rapport au dollar américain sur la même période », a observé William Adams économiste international senior de PNC Financial Services Group.

La dépréciation du yuan« a principalement été causée par l’intensification du conflit commercial entre la Chine et les États-Unis », a-t-il déclaré à Quartz. «Les marchés chinois ont perdu plus de 2,5 billions de dollars de capitalisation boursière en raison des incertitudes des relations américano-chinoises et de la pression exercée sur le yuan.»

Bien que le gouvernement chinois gère le taux de change du yuan, cette devise «ressemble de plus en plus à un marché libre déterminé par le marché» monnaie flottante et moins comme une monnaie indexée », a ajouté Adams. Rompant avec leur comportement habituel, les décideurs chinois ont permis en 2018 aux forces du marché de rendre le yuan plus faible, en partie parce que sa dépréciation compensait en partie l’effet des droits de douane appliqués par les États-Unis aux exportateurs chinois. “

De nombreux investisseurs ont été touchés par le ralentissement de 2018 , le marché chinois a rebondi en 2019. L’indice composite de Shenzhen est en hausse de 28% par rapport à l’année précédente.

Cet article est apparu en premier sur https://qz.com/1660964/chinas-richest-individuals-lost-billions-due-to-stock-market-declines/

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